Review of Mandarin Chinese Morphology
- Survey of Mandarin Chinese language
The Mandarin Chinese language (and all other dialects of Chinese which includes Cantonese) does not have any kind of overt inflectional morphology. In Oriental, words are generally formed by simply one or two created characters. Every single character is definitely monosyllabic and can usually stand alone as an unbound morpheme, making inflectional changes approximately impossible. Therefore, the Chinese language friends and family has no way of overtly articulating tense, amount, gender, and so forth Instead of inflectional changes, China uses context, additional allergens, word buy, and other lexical means to communicate covert inflectional transparency. What follows are a few types of these functions.
Timeframes as well as the le (了)particle.
Since Oriental is a very analytic terminology, other tactics are used to be able to convey tight. The easiest way to do this is to show a period of time for the action involved. For example:
Tā qù běijīng
This individual go Beijing. (He goes toward Beijing / He is likely to Beijing)
Tā zuótiān qù běijīng
He yesterday proceed Beijing. (Yesterday he traveled to Beijing).
The addition of ‘yesterday' implies that the actions has already occurred; no conjugation of the verb is required.
Chinese contains a different procedure for suggesting completeness or change of state of a past action, by adding the ‘le' particle to the end with the action:
Wǒ chī fàn
My spouse and i eat (am eating) [rice].
Wǒ chī fàn le
I actually ate [rice] part.[and am finished].
Word buy is another approach used rather than inflectional morphology. Instead of employing an accusative form of the first person single nominative, expression order is simply switched:
Wǒ gěile tā yī běn yuánbǎn máo zhǔxí yǔlù
My spouse and i gave him an original duplicate [of] Mao's Little Reddish colored Book
Tā gěile wǒ yī běn yuánbǎn máo zhǔxí yǔlù
He offered me an original backup [of] Mao's Little Reddish Book
Rather than changing varieties (in English ‘I' turns into ‘me' and ‘him' becomes he), expression order...